Tonight’s performance was made possible though the generosity of Mary Ann Frenzel 


JULY 23, 2024 

Artistic Director
Janet Eilber

Executive Director
LaRue Allen

The Company
Lloyd Knight, Xin Ying, Leslie Andrea Williams, Anne Souder, Laurel Dalley Smith, So Young An, Marzia Memoli, Richard Villaverde, Devin Loh, Antonio Leone, Meagan King, Ane Arrieta,
Zachary Jeppsen, Amanda Moreira, Jai Perez, Ethan Palma

Major support for the Martha Graham Dance Company is provided by
Jody and John Arnhold/Arnhold Foundation
Howard Gilman Foundation
New York City Department of Cultural Affairs in partnership with the New York City Council 
New York State Council on the Arts with the support of the New York State Legislature
The Shubert Foundation
National Endowment for the Arts

The Artists employed in this production are members of the American Guild of Musical Artists AFL-CIO.

In the tradition of its founder, the Martha Graham Center of Contemporary Dance remains committed to being a diverse, equitable, inclusive, and anti-racist organization, and will honor this pledge through its ongoing practices, policies and behaviors.

Copyright to all Martha Graham dances presented held by the Martha Graham Center of Contemporary Dance, Inc.

All rights reserved.


Choreography by Martha Graham
Music by Gian Carlo Menotti†
Lighting by Lauren Libretti
Costumes by Maria Garcia

Premiere: February 28, 1947, Ziegfeld Theatre, New York City

There is an errand into the maze of the heart’s darkness in order to face and do battle with the Creature of Fear. There is the accomplishment of the errand, the instant of triumph, and the emergence from the dark.

So Young An, Antonio Leone

†Used by arrangement with G. Schirmer, Inc., publisher and copyright owner.


Choreography and Costumes by Martha Graham
Arrangement by Janet Eilber
Music by Carlos Chávez†
Lighting by Nick Hung

Premiere: April 1, 2016, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Through the act of dancing forgotten memories emerge. We sense that we have been all things. “I have been ere now a boy and a girl, a brush, a bird, and a dumb fish in the sea.” (Empedocles)

Lloyd Knight, Anne Souder
Ane Arrieta, Zachary Jeppsen, Meagan King
Antonio Leone, Devin Loh, Amanda Moreira
Jai Perez, Leslie Andrea Williams

Commissioned by the Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge Foundation in the Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

†La Hija de Colquide used by arrangement with G. Schirmer, Inc., agent for Carlanita Music Company, publisher and copyright owner. Adapted and conducted by Aaron Sherber.



Choreography and Costumes by Martha Graham
Music by Aaron Copland†
Text from the words of Martha Graham
Arranged by Janet Eilber

Appalachian Spring Premiere: October 30, 1944, Coolidge Auditorium, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Springtime in the wilderness is celebrated by a man and woman building a house with joy and love and prayer; by a revivalist and his followers in their shouts of exaltation; by a pioneering woman with her dreams of the Promised Land.

The Bride Laurel Dalley Smith
The Husbandman Richard Villaverde
The Preacher Antonio Leone
The Followers Meagan King, Devin Loh, Marzia Memoli, Amanda Moreira

Commissioned by the Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge Foundation in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

The original title chosen by Aaron Copland was “Ballet for Martha,” which was changed by Martha Graham to “Appalachian Spring.”

†Used by arrangement with the Aaron Copland Fund for Music, copyright owners; and Boosey and Hawkes, Inc., sole publisher and licensee.


Choreography by Hofesh Shechter
Creative Producer Daniil Simkin
Music by Âme† and Hofesh Shechter
Costumes by Caleb Krieg
Lighting by Yi-Chung Chen
Choreography Assistant Kim Kohlmann

World Premiere: April 6th, 2022, New York City Center

So Young An, Laurel Dalley Smith, Meagan King, Lloyd Knight, Antonio Leone, Devin Loh,
Marzia Memoli, Jai Perez, Anne Souder, Richard Villaverde, Leslie Andrea Williams

CAVE was made possible with a significant commissioning grant from The O’Donnell-Green Music and Dance Foundation.

Major support for CAVE was provided by Sharon Patrick, the Clayton-Royer Family Fund, Monica

Voldstad and Jeff & Susan Campbell and Barbara Goldstein.

Production support was provided by Vassar College.

Co-Producing support provided by Studio Simkin and Sharing Spaces.

†Samples of „Fiori” by Âme; Sample of “The Witness” by Âme & Karyyn. Frank Wiedemann and Kristian Beyer are members of the German collecting society GEMA and published by Innervisions GmbH.



Errand into the Maze premiered in 1947 with a score by Gian Carlo Menotti, set design by Isamu Noguchi and starring Martha Graham. The duet is loosely derived from the myth of Theseus, who journeys into the labyrinth to confront the Minotaur, a creature who is half man and half beast. Martha Graham retells the tale from the perspective of Ariadne, who descends into the labyrinth to conquer the Minotaur. The current production of Errand into the Maze was created in reaction to the damage done to the sets and costumes by Hurricane Sandy. This version, stripped of the classic production elements, is meant to intensify our focus on the dramatic, physical journey of the choreography itself.


The Dark Meadow Suite is made up of highlights from a much longer work by Martha Graham, Dark Meadow, which premiered in 1946. The Suite, created in 2016, is designed to feature the exceptional choreography that Graham created for the ensemble of dancers in Dark Meadow. Both the unison dancing and the partnering have been recognized as some of Graham’s most architectural, ritualistic and profound creations. They are clearly inspired by Graham’s love of the rituals of the natives of the American Southwest and Mexico, which she observed as a young woman. The Mexican composer Carlos Chavez wrote the spacious musical score for Graham. The dancers often work in counterpoint to the score using the sound of their feet and other body percussion effects. In her original program note, Graham wrote, “Dark Meadow is a re-enactment of the mysteries which attend the eternal adventure of seeking.” It is an abstract work about life’s journey and the search for connection with one’s self and one’s community. This dance is a prime example of Graham as a leader in mid-20th Century modernism.


The Appalachian Spring Suite is a narrated presentation of highlights from Appalachian Spring that gives the audience an inside look at the remarkable collaboration between Martha Graham and Aaron Copland. The dancing is introduced by text borrowed from Graham’s letters to Copland.

Her eloquent and intimate descriptions of the characters, setting and atmosphere for the work are matched with the end result – the music and dance they inspired. Copland’s Pulitzer Prize winning score and the clean, athletic Graham choreography clearly embody her early writings about the dance. The Appalachian Spring Suite offers the audience unique insight into the creative process of these two geniuses.


In 2022, the versatile artist Hofesh Shechter created this work for and with our Company dancers while searching for the essence that makes crowds of people move (dance) together in a deeply primal and connected way. In CAVE, this essence is rendered so powerfully that it reaches beyond the dancing onstage to include and inspire our audiences. The result is a visceral, cathartic movement experience with an inescapable shared kinetic energy.


Martha Graham has had a deep and lasting impact on American art and culture. She single-handedly defined contemporary dance as a uniquely American art form, which the nation has in turn shared with the world. Crossing artistic boundaries, she collaborated with and commissioned work from the leading visual artists, musicians, and designers of her day, including sculptor Isamu Noguchi and composers Aaron Copland, Samuel Barber, and Gian Carlo Menotti.

Graham’s groundbreaking style grew from her experimentation with the elemental movements of contraction and release. By focusing on the basic activities of the human form, she enlivened the body with raw, electric emotion. The sharp, angular, and direct movements of her technique were a dramatic departure from the predominant style of the time.

Graham influenced generations of choreographers that included Merce Cunningham, Paul Taylor, and Twyla Tharp, altering the scope of dance. Classical ballet dancers Margot Fonteyn, Rudolf Nureyev, and Mikhail Baryshnikov sought her out to broaden their artistry. Artists of all genres were eager to study and work with Graham—she taught actors including Bette Davis, Kirk Douglas, Madonna, Liza Minnelli, Gregory Peck, Tony Randall, Eli Wallach, Anne Jackson, and Joanne Woodward to utilize their bodies as expressive instruments.

During her long and illustrious career, Graham created 181 dance compositions. During the Bicentennial she was granted the United States’ highest civilian honor, The Medal of Freedom. In 1998, TIME Magazine named her the “Dancer of the Century.” The first dancer to perform at the White House and to act as a cultural ambassador abroad, she captured the spirit of a nation. “No artist is ahead of his time,” she said. “He is his time. It is just that the others are behind the time.”


The Martha Graham Dance Company has been a leader in the evolving art form of modern dance since its founding in 1926. It is both the oldest dance company in the United States and the oldest integrated dance company.

Today, the Company is embracing a new programming vision that showcases masterpieces by Graham alongside newly commissioned works by contemporary artists. With programs that unite the work of choreographers across time within a rich historical and thematic narrative, the Company is actively working to create new platforms for contemporary dance and multiple points of access for audiences.

Since its inception, the Martha Graham Dance Company has received international acclaim from audiences in more than 50 countries throughout North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. The Company has performed at the Metropolitan Opera House, Carnegie Hall, the Paris Opera House, Covent Garden, and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, as well as at the base of the Great Pyramids in Egypt and in the ancient Odeon of Herodes Atticus theater on the Acropolis in Athens. In addition, the Company has also produced several award-winning films broadcast on PBS and around the world.

Though Martha Graham herself is the best-known alumna of her company, the Company has provided a training ground for some of modern dance’s most celebrated performers and choreographers. Former members of the Company include Merce Cunningham, Erick Hawkins, Paul Taylor, John Butler and Glen Tetley. Among celebrities who have joined the Company in performance are Mikhail Baryshnikov, Margot Fonteyn, Rudolf Nureyev, Maya Plisetskaya, Tiler Peck, Misty Copeland, Herman Cornejo and Aurelie Dupont.

In recent years, the Company has challenged expectations and experimented with a wide range of offerings beyond its mainstage performances. It has created a series of intimate in-studio events, forged unusual creative partnerships with the likes of SITI Company, Performa, the New Museum, Barney’s, and Siracusa’s Greek Theater Festival (to name a few); created substantial digital offerings with Google Arts and Culture, YouTube, and Cennarium; and created a model for reaching new audiences through social media. The astonishing list of artists who have created works for the Graham dancers in the last decade reads like a catalog of must-see choreographers:

Kyle Abraham, Aszure Barton, Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui, Lucinda Childs, Marie Chouinard, Michelle Dorrance, Nacho Duato, Mats Ek, Andonis Foniadakis, Liz Gerring, Larry Keigwin, Michael Kliën, Pontus Lidberg, Lil Buck, Lar Lubovitch, Josie Moseley, Richard Move, Bulareyaung Pagarlava, Annie-B Parson, Yvonne Rainer, Sonya Tayeh, Doug Varone, Luca Vegetti, Gwen Welliver and Robert Wilson.

The current company dancers hail from around the world and, while grounded in their Graham core training, can also slip into the style of contemporary choreographers like a second skin, bringing technical brilliance and artistic nuance to all they do — from brand new works to Graham classics and those from early pioneers such as Isadora Duncan, Jane Dudley, Anna Sokolow, and Mary Wigman. “Some of the most skilled and powerful dancers you can ever hope to see,” according to the Washington Post last year. “One of the great companies of the world,” says The

New York Times, while Los Angeles Times notes, “They seem able to do anything, and to make it look easy as well as poetic.”


JANET EILBER (Artistic Director) has been the Company’s artistic director since2005.Her direction has focused on creating new forms of audience access to Martha Graham’s masterworks. These initiatives include contextual programming, educational and community partnerships, use of new media, commissions from today’s top choreographers and creative events such as the Lamentation Variations. Earlier in her career, Ms. Eilber worked closely with Martha Graham. She danced many of Graham’s greatest roles, had roles created for her by Graham, and was directed by Graham in most of the major roles of the repertory. She soloed at the White House, was partnered by Rudolf Nureyev, starred in three segments of Dance in America, and has since taught, lectured, and directed Graham ballets internationally. Apart from her work with Graham, Ms. Eilber has performed in films, on television, and on Broadway directed by such greats as Agnes de Mille and Bob Fosse and has received four Lester Horton Awards for her reconstruction and performance of seminal American modern dance. She has served as Director of Arts Education for the Dana Foundation, guiding the Foundation’s support for Teaching Artist training and contributing regularly to its arts education publications. Ms. Eilber is a Trustee Emeritus of the Interlochen Center for the Arts and was recently honored with a Doctorate of Fine Arts from the Juilliard School. She is married to screenwriter/director John Warren, with whom she has two daughters, Madeline and Eva.

BEN SCHULTZ (Rehearsal Director) joined the Company in 2009 and serves as rehearsal director for the company. He’s danced lead roles including King Hades in Clytemnestra, Jason in Cave of the Heart, and Shaman in The Rite Of Spring. He premiered Martha Graham’s work in Russia performing Errand into the Maze with prima ballerina Diana Vishneva at the Mariinsky Theatre, Saint Petersburg. He’s also performed with Buglisi Dance Theater, Hannah Kahn Dance Company, and The Cleo Parker Robinson Dance Ensemble. Currently he’s on staff at both The Martha Graham School and The Alvin Ailey School teaching the Martha Graham technique for pre professional students and divisions.

LLOYD KNIGHT joined the Company in 2005 and performs the major male roles of the Graham repertory including in Appalachian Spring, Embattled Garden, Night Journey and many others. Dance Magazine named him one of the “Top 25 Dancers to Watch” in 2010 and one of the best performers of 2015. Mr. Knight has starred with ballet greats Wendy Whelan and Misty Copeland in signature Graham duets and has had roles created for him by such renowned artists as Nacho Duato and Pam Tanowitz. He is currently a principal guest artist for The Royal Ballet of Flanders directed by Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui. Born in England and raised in Miami, he trained at Miami Conservatory of Ballet and New World School of the Arts.

XIN YING joined the Company in 2011 and performs many of Martha Graham’s own roles including in Herodiade, Errand into the Maze, Chronicle, Lamentation, Deep Song, and Cave of the Heart. Ms. Xin has also danced solo roles in Clytemnestra and Diversion of Angels. She has been featured in works created for the Company by Nacho Duato, Pontus Lidberg, Annie-B Parson, Kyle Abraham, Liz Gerring, Maxine Doyle and Bobbi Jene Smith. Ms. Xin also starred in the Chinese production Dreams and has been commissioned to create new choreography for Co•Lab Dance. Her Instagram account, on which she posts her own improvisations, has thousands of followers.

LESLIE ANDREA WILLIAMS grew up in Raleigh, North Carolina. Ms. Williams performs numerous featured roles in iconic Graham ballets. Some of her most notable roles have been dancing the solo Deep Song, and performing as the lead in Chronicle. Her performance in Chronicle earned her a naming in the New York Times “Best Dance of 2019” list. Ms. Williams’s has also been profiled in Dance Magazine, Teen Vogue, Phycology Today, and Marie Claire Taiwan. Her work has been described in reviews as “hypnotic” and “larger than life.” Ms. Williams is a graduate of the Julliard School.

ANNE SOUDER joined the Company in 2015 and performs Martha Graham’s own roles in Dark Meadow Suite, Chronicle, Deep Song, and Ekstasis. Roles have also been created for her by such luminaries as Marie Chouinard, Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui, Maxine Doyle and Bobbi Jene Smith. Ms. Souder began her training in Maryville, Tennessee and graduated from the Ailey/Fordham BFA program with a double major in Dance and Theology while performing works by Alvin Ailey, Ron K. Brown, and more. She was also a member of Graham 2 and awarded a Dizzy Feet Foundation scholarship.

LAUREL DALLEY SMITH joined the Company in 2015. Performing principal roles in Appalachian Spring, Steps in the Street, Errand into the Maze, Cave of the Heart and Diversion of Angels. Also Creating new roles with contemporary choreographers Hofesh Schechter, Pam Tanowitz, Bobbi Jene Smith, Annie B Parsons amongst others. Laurel guests internationally with award winning LA/UK based Yorke Dance Project, performing work created on her by Yolande Yorke Edgell and Sir Robert Cohan. Laurel recently created the role of Ariadne in Deborah Warner’s World premiere of ‘Minotaur’, choreography by Kim Brandstrup.

SO YOUNG AN, a native of South Korea, joined the Company in 2016 and dances featured roles in Graham ballets as well as new works. Ms. An is the recipient of the International Arts Award and the Grand Prize at the Korea National Ballet Grand Prix. She has danced with Korean National Ballet Company, Seoul Performing Arts Company and Buglisi Dance Theatre. She has also performed works by Yuri Grigorovich, Jean-Christophe Maillot, Mats Ek, Patricia Ruanne and Samantha Dunster.

MARZIA MEMOLI from Palermo, Italy, joined the Company in 2016 and performs lead roles in Graham’s El Penitente, “Steps in the Street”, “Satyric Festival Song” and works by Elisa Monte, Hofesh Shechter, Bobbi Jean Smith, Lar Lubovitch, Maxine Doyle, Andrea Miller and Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui. In 2018 Dance Spirit said she “may be the…Company’s newest dancer, but her classical lines and easy grace are already turning heads”. She performs for Twyla Tharp Dance, in “In the Upper Room” and “Nine Sinatra Songs”. She graduated from Bejart’s school, where she performed with the Bejart Ballet Lausanne.

RICHARD VILLAVERDE born and raised in Miami, FL, began dancing at the age of 13, privately coached by Maria Eugenia Lorenzo. Mr. Villaverde is a New World School of the Arts graduate and received his B.F.A from University of the Arts in Philadelphia, PA. Notably, he was a part of Arsenale della Danza 2012 at La Biennale de Venezia under the direction of Ismael Ivo. He later joined BalletX (2012-2021) where he was featured in works by Matthew Neenan, Dwight Rodan, Nicolo Fonte, Penny Saunders, Cayetano Soto, Trey McIntyre, Jodie Gates, and Annabelle Lopez Ochoa. He performed at the Vail International Dance Festival, Ballet Sun Valley, Belgrade Dance Festival as well as at Jacob’s Pillow.

DEVIN LOH from Fanwood, NJ, joined the company in 2021. She has performed Graham classics such as Appalachian Spring and Chronicle, and contemporary works by Jamar Roberts, Hofesh Shechter, and others. Ms. Loh holds a BFA from SUNY Purchase and is a recipient of the Bert Terborgh Dance Award. Ms. Loh was a member of Graham 2.

ANTONIO LEONE (New Dancer) a native from Salerno. In 2021, Mr. Leone enrolled in the Martha Graham School and joined the Graham 2 Company. His favorite Graham works pieces are Dark Meadow, Acts of Light and Appalachian Spring Suite. Mr. Leone studied at the Rudra Bejart School in Switzerland, where he performed works by Maurice Béjart, Michel Gascard, Julio Arozarena and Tancredo Tavarez, among others. This is his third season with the company.

MEAGAN KING (New Dancer) of Brooklyn, NY, is an Ailey/Fordham BFA graduate and LaGuardia H.S. alumna. Ms. King danced with Ailey II, receiving features in Dance Spirit, The TODAY Show, PIX11, NY12, Good Day Sacramento, and named BLOCH Young Artist. She performed at Holland Dance Festival and Jacob’s Pillow Contemporary and choreographed for Women/Create! This is her second season with the company.

ANE ARRIETA (New Dancer), dual citizen of Spain and the U.S., grew up in Rhode Island and trained at the Newport Academy of Ballet. She received a BFA in Dance Performance and Pedagogy from the Hartt School at the University of Hartford, earning the Outstanding Senior Award. She has worked with choreographers Jacqulyn Buglisi, Pascal Rioult, Bryan Arias, Francesca Harper and Colin Connor, and has been a member of Newport Contemporary Ballet, Buglisi Dance Theater and Graham 2. This is her second season with the company.

ZACHARY JEPPSEN (New Dancer) raised in Southern Wisconsin, is an alumnus of The Juilliard School where he received his BFA in Dance. He has had the pleasure of performing pieces by Alvin Ailey, Martha Graham, Jacqulyn Buglisi, Donald McKayle, Paul Taylor, Ohad Naharin, and many other choreographers. Before Juilliard, Zachary attended The Chicago Academy for the Arts where he studied under Randy Duncan and Patrick Simoniello. This is his second season with the company.

AMANDA MOREIRA (Apprentice), originally from Roxbury, NJ, received her BFA in Dance with a concentration in Modern from Marymount Manhattan College in 2022. She has performed works choreographed by Martha Graham, Twyla Tharp, Sidra Bell, Jessica Lang and Jennifer Archibald. After graduating she joined Graham 2. This is her second season with the company.

JAI PEREZ (Apprentice), from Brooklyn, NY, started his dance journey at the National Dance Institute where he cultivated a love for dance. He continued his training at the Alvin Ailey Junior Division, and is now an Alumni of the Conservatory of Dance at SUNY Purchase. He has
performed works by Ronald K. Brown, Doug Varone, Ja’Malik, Ayodele Casel, Norbert De La Cruz lll, Martha Graham and Jacqulyn Buglisi. This is his second season with the company.

ETHAN PALMA (Apprentice) is originally from Appleton, Wisconsin where he began his training at Barb’s Centre for Dance. Ethan graduated from Marymount Manhattan College with a Bachelor’s in Fine Arts with a concentration in ballet. At Marymount, Ethan has performed in works of many choreographers including Martha Graham, Sidra Bell, Jenn Freeman, Chanel Dasilva, Pedro Ruiz, and Darshan Bhuller. This is Ethan’s first season with the Martha Graham Dance Company.


LaRue Allen, Executive Director
janet Eilber, Artistic Director
Ben Schultz, Rehearsal Director
Blakeley White-McGuire, Rehearsal Director
Simona Ferrara, General Manager
Lauren Mosier, Company Manager
A. Apostol, Director of Development Operations
Fran Kirmser, Director of Strategic Partnerships and Special Events
Melissa Sherwood, Director of Marketing
Joyce Herring, Director of Martha Graham Resources
Chloe Morrell, Production Supervisor
Yi-Chung Chen, Resident Lighting Designer
Becky Nussbaum, Associate Lighting Supervisor
Gabrielle Corrigan, Wardrobe Supervisor
Karen Young, Costume Consultant
Ashley Brown, Director of School
Tami Alesson, Dean of Students and Government Affairs
Virginie Mécène, Program Director/Director of Graham 2
Lone Larsen, Program Director
Amélie Bénard, Teens@Graham Program Director
Ana Sanchez, School Assistant
Janet Stapleton, Press Agent

Miki Orihara
Virginie Mecene
Peggy Lyman
Peter Sparling
Blakeley White-McGuire
Elizabeth Auclair
Lone Larsen
Tadej Brdnik
Masha Maddux
Maxine Sherman
Martin Lofnes
Anne Souder
PeiJu Chien Pott
Amelie Bernard

Board of Trustees
Javier Morgado, Chair
Lorraine Oler, Immediate Past Chair
Barbara Cohen, Vice Chair
Inger Witter, President
Judith G. Schlosser, Chair Emeritus
LaRue Allen, Executive Director
Janet Eilber, Artistic Director
Amy Blumenthal
Ayse Dizioglu-Koyluoglu
Geoffrey D. Fallon
Russell Guthrie
Christine Jowers
Irina Nuzova
Nichole Perkins
Stephen M. Rooks
Lori Sackler
Lawrence Stein
Ellis Wood

North American Representation
Rena Shagan Associates, Inc. (

International Representation
LaRue Allen
Executive Director
([email protected])

Alumni Search

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The Martha Graham Center of Contemporary Dance is a not-for-profit corporation, supported by contributions from individuals, corporations, foundations, and government agencies. Contributions in support of the Martha Graham Center will be gratefully received at the Martha Graham Center of Contemporary Dance, Inc., 55 Bethune Street New York, NY 10014, or visit

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